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401(K) AND IRA DISTRIBUTION OPTIONS

Almost all of us will change employers at some point in our career. Fully understanding the options you have with your 401(k) plan balance can be challenging. We will help you understand your options so you can be confident in your decision. Generally you have four choices. 

 

  1. Leave the money where it is

  2. Roll the money into your new employer 401(k) (assuming you have a new employer and they offer a plan)

  3. Roll the money into an IRA

  4. Cash out the balance

 

Choice #1 - Keep your money in your former company 401(k) plan

Potential benefits:

  • Investment fees may be lower when offered through retirement plans as compared to individual retail accounts

  • Fee disclosures must be provided to help individuals compare costs among plan investment options & to alert individuals to fees charged to their account

  • Some administrative costs may be paid by the employer

  • Employer is responsible for administering the plan in compliance with various laws & regulations 

  • Plan may offer services such as access to investment advice, education, call center support

  • Plan assets are not subject to creditor claims

Considerations:

  • The menu of investments is determined by the plan fiduciary & may be narrower than in an IRA

  • Employer has the option to charge former employees’ accounts for certain administrative fees that are not being assessed against current employee

  • Separation from service after age 55 is an exemption from the 10% early distribution tax (for distributions taken prior to age 59 ) that is available for qualified plan distributions but not IRA distributions

Choice #2 - Roll the money into your new employer 401(k) plan

This can be an appropriate option if your new employer offers a plan and you do not want to hire professional help. Most plans offer some on-boarding assistance for new hires. Consider the expenses of the new plan, the investment lineup and fees associated with the investment choices. If you are having difficulty identifying what the fees are in the new employer plan, email me

 

Potential benefits:

  • Ability to consolidate assets to simplify investment decisions & overall management of retirement savings

 

Considerations:

  • Need to compare investment options, plan features, & services in new employer’s plan versus previous employer’s plan

 

Choice #3 - Roll the money into an IRA (Individual Retirement Account)

Potential benefits of rolling to an IRA:

  • May have access to a broader range of investments than in an employer plan

  • IRA owner can change investments at any time (subject to IRA provider requirements)IRA provider is required to provide a disclosure statement explaining the features of the IRA, serving a purpose similar to the Summary Plan Description provided for employer plans

  • IRA trustee or custodian handles contribution and distribution reporting & will assist with age 70½ RMD calculations

  • IRA owner may be able to make annual contributions to IRA

  • Flexible conversion & re-characterization options enable IRA owner’s flexibility in deciding when to pay taxes on IRA assets

  • IRAs may offer more flexible beneficiary options (e.g., stretch IRAs) IRAs can be used to consolidate assets from multiple employer plans

 

Considerations:

  • IRA owner is generally responsible for selecting & monitoring investments unless the IRA owner engages an advisor to provide discretionary investment services

  • Investment fees may be higher when offered through an IRA as compared to an employer-sponsored retirement plan 

  • The expansive fee disclosures provided to employer plan participants are not typically provided for IRAs

  • IRA owner is responsible for administering the IRA, with support from the IRA trustee or custodian

  • Services may be limited when compared to an employer plan (e.g., education, investment advice, support

  • RMDs must begin at age 70½ (traditional IRA)

  • Employer stock rolled from an employer plan to an IRA will be taxed as ordinary income when distributed, whereas stock held in other types of accounts may qualify for capital gains treatment

Working with a profressional

Not all financial advice is created equal. There can be a vast difference between one advisor and the next, the majority of our client’s value service. If you want the process to be efficient and expedited, working with an advisor could be the way to go. If you decide to use an investment advisor, you should consider these questions. 

 

  • What is the objective of the professional? 

  • Do they act in a fiduciary capacity in the oversight of your money? (Meaning, are they obligated to act in your best interest)

  • What services are they providing for the fee you are paying? (Planning or investments only)

  • How are they compensated?

  • How many accounts do they handle?

 

You should then ask yourself.

 

  • What am I seeking in an advisor?

  • How involved do I want my advisor to be?

  • Is the advisor locally based or will this be strictly a phone based relationship?

  • Is this someone I can trust?

  • Will I get the amount of service and attention I deserve?

Choice #4 - Cash out the retirement savings

This most likely will not be preferred as this would be a taxable event on all pre-tax amounts.

 

Potential benefits:

  • Access to a broad range of investments

  • Access to the assets at anytime

  • No age 70 ½ RMDs

  • Flexibility regarding distributions

 

Considerations:

  • Individual is responsible for the investments and analyzing tax implications

  • Taxation on all pre-tax amounts in the year of distribution

  • 10% early distribution tax applies, if under 59 ½

This information is not intended to be a substitute for specific individualized tax advice. We suggest that you discuss your specific tax issues with a qualified tax advisor. Contributions to a traditional IRA may be tax deductible in the contribution year, with current income tax due at withdrawal. Withdrawals prior to age 59 may result in a 10% IRS penalty tax in addition to current income tax. The term "stretch IRA" is a marketing term used to describe an IRA that is set up to extend the period of tax deferred earnings beyond the lifetime of the individual who created the account. The accounts are typically designed to last over multiple generations. Investing involves risk, including possible loss of principal.

 
 
 
INVESTMENTS AND PLANNING

Bringing all of your investment and financial accounts together can be a challenge. It can be even more of a challenge to understand what it all means as one unit. We make it easy to pull it all together and provide the answers in simple terms. We want to simplify your financial life. 

Newpointe Wealth 

Securities and advisory services offered through LPL Financial, a Registered Investment Advisor, Member FINRA/SIPC.

The LPL Financial Registered Representatives associated with this site may only discuss and/or transact securities business with residents of the following states: AZ, CT, FL, GA, MA, NC, NH, NJ, NY, SC, VA

Newpointe Wealth, LLC

1 Lowlyn Rd

Westport, CT 06880

 

203-557-0291

Derek@newpointewealth.com

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